Active and Passive Voice

Active and Passive Voice
Active and Passive Voice

In this article we talk about Active and Passive Voice with their uses in a sentence but first let’s talk about What a voice is?

Voice

The form of a verb that shows whether the subject of a sentence performs the action (The active voice) or is affected by it (The passive voice).

Like: He watered the flowers. (Active)

The flowers were watered by him. (Passive)

Active Voice

The form of a verb in which the subject is the person or thing that performs the action.

He drives a truck.

She cooked food.

Passive Voice

The form of a verb used when the subject is affected by the action of the verb.

A truck is driven (by him).

Food was cooked (by her).

Transitive verb

It is used with an object, without object it cannot give complete meaning and it can complete meaning into Passive voice.   

He writes a letter. (Active voice)

A letter is written. (Passive voice) 

They will buy a pen. (Active voice)

A pen will be bought (by them) (Passive voice)

Intransitive verb

It is used without an object and gives complete meaning but cannot be changed into Passive voice.

Like: They died suddenly. (Can’t be changed into Passive voice)

SOME MAIN RULES

  • Subject of Active voice changes into object of Passive voice.
  • Object of Active voice changes into subject of Passive voice.
  • We use past participle (3rd v) in Passive voice.
  • To be verbs (H.V) are used before 3rd v according to the tense.
  • “By Phrase” is used when we want to mention the subject.
  • Subjective Pronouns are changed into Objective Pronouns.
  • Objective Pronouns are changed into Subjective Pronouns.
TENSES STRUCTURES EXAMPLES
Simple Present am/are/is + 3rd v English is spoken (by you)
Present Continuous am/are/is being + 3rd v They are being called.
Simple Past was/were + 3rd v He wasn’t invited (by him)
Past Continuous was/were being + 3rd v We were being taught.
Present Perfect have/has been + 3rd v It has been kicked (by her)
Past Perfect had been + 3rd v You had been told.
Future will be + 3rd v  Will you be called (by us)?
Future Perfect will have been + 3rd v It will not have been closed.
Going to going to be + 3rd v A letter is going to be written.

Note: Four (4) tenses are not usually changed into Passive voice.

  1. Present Perfect Continuous tense.
  2. Past Perfect Continuous tense.
  3. Future Continuous tense.
  4. Future Perfect Continuous tense

Causative Verbs and its uses

vowel and consonant definition with examples

Note: Sentences having no object can not be changed into Passive voice.

Like:                Shut up. (No passive)

                        Keep quiet. (No passive)

Note: Imperative sentences which have object are changed into Passive voice by “Let”

Like:                 Close the door. (Let the door be closed)

                        Shut the window. {Let the window be shut (by you)}

Note: Sentences which contain “Preposition” in the following ways are not usually changed into Passive voice.

1.They are playing on the playground. (No Passive)

 2. He isgoing to school. (No Passive)

3. I took him to the hospital. (He was taken to the hospital)

1 Response

  1. December 16, 2018

    […] Active and Passive Voice […]

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