Conjunctions Definitions and examples

Those words which are used to join two words, phrases or clauses are called conjunctions.


Conjunctions are divided into:

  • Coordinating conjunction
  • Subordinating conjunction
  • Correlative conjunction

Coordinating conjunction:

Coordinating conjunction is that kind of conjunction which joins two things that are similar like a noun with a noun, an adjective with an adjective, an adverb with an adverb or an independent clause with independent clause.

there are seven coordinating conjunctions which include:

And, but, for, yet, or and so.

He was driving slowly and carefully.
Do you prefer tea or coffee?

Subordinating conjunction:

subordinating conjunctions join a dependent clause to an independent clause.

subordinating conjunctions include:

as, because, even though, before, if, since, while, after, when, whether, where, unless etc.

Everyone left when it started to rain.
She didn’t take medicine although she was sick.

Correlative conjunction:

This conjunction comes in pair and they are used to join words, phrases or clauses that are same.

correlative conjunctions include:

Both…. and…..
Either…. Or……
neither….. nor…..
not only….. but also…..

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Addition to remarks in detail with explanation

Sentence and its types

Both…. and…..

it expresses positive idea. it is used to join two similar words or phrases.

Both Sarah and David are teachers. (Two words)
I can Both write English and speak English.

Either… Or ….

It expresses choice and used to to join two similar words, phrases or clauses.

You can play either scrabble or Ludo. (Two words)
We can either go to the movies or stay at home. (Two Phrases)
Either you should do your homework or you should read your book. (Two clauses)

Neither…. Nor ….

It expresses negative meaning it also join two similar words, phrases or clauses.

She is neither intelligent nor beautiful.
She neither cooked food nor washed the dishes.

Note: If we join two clauses using neither or nor we follow the structure neither + verb +subject….. not + subject + verb.

Neither will they accept the suggestion nor they will reject it.

Not only…. But also ….

It also expresses positive idea it is used to join two words, phrases or clauses.

Not only English but also Spanish is a popular language.
She will not only make tea but also serve it.

Note: While joining two clauses (not only And but also) follows the structure: Not only+ verb + subject …. but also + subject+ verb.

Not only do challenge them but also we can win.

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