Learn Addition to Remarks in detail with explanation
Addition To Remarks:
To add something to a remark is known as addition, additions are mostly done at the end of a remark to beautify the sentence or to confirm what is preceded.
There are three kinds of addition to remarks:
- Positive addition
- Negative addition
- Interrogative addition
If the addition is positive or negative it is known as rejoinders. Rejoinders are used to simplify or to beautify.
The structure for adding a positive addition to a positive remark is :
Subject + aux. verb + too/also OR so + aux. verb + Subject.
Example : She was reading a book. He was also OR so was he.
The sturcture for adding a positive addition to a negative remark is:
But + subject + aux.verb
Example: He wasn’t reading a book. But she was.
The structure for adding a negative addition to a positive remark is:
But + subject + Negative aux. Verb
Example: She was reading a book. But he wasn’t.
The structure for adding a negative addition to a negative remark is:
Neither/Nor + Aux.verb + subject
Example: She wasn’t reading a book. Neither/Nor was he.
Things to keep in mind:
- The Auxiliary verb used in remark is also used in the addition. if there is no auxiliary verb then we use to do verbs.
They are having breakfast. so are we.
They came on time. So did we.
- The subject of addition and remark is different since they are not said by the same person.
We are not from Spain. But they are.
- Positive addition to positive remark and negative addition to negative remark shows agreement.
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She came on time. So did we.
She isn’t ready yet. Neither am I.
- Positive addition to negative remark and negative addition to positive remark shows disagreement.
She is sick. But I am not.
They have not arrived yet. But we have.
If the addition is interrogative it is known as tag questions. we use tag questions for confirmation.
A positive remark has a negative tag question.
E.g: she is sick, isn’t she?
A negative remark has a positive tag question.
E.g: she didn’t attend the class, did she?
The auxiliary verb of remark is also used in question tag but if remark has no auxiliary verb then to do verb is used.
E.g: The plane took off, didn’t it?
The bell didn’t ring, did it?
The subject of remark is also the subject of tag question.
E.g: She Plays tennis, doesn’t she?
Here are some rules to keep in mind while forming tag questions:
- If the remark has words like nobody, none, nothing, hardly and hardly ever etc, it has a negative meaning. Therefore, it takes a positive tag question.
E.g: He hardly ever travels, does he?
- If the subject is nobody, everybody or anybody etc, the subject is unknown. Then the pronoun “They” is used as subject in question tag.
E.g: Nobody is absent, are they?
- If the subject is “This” and “That” it is changed into “it”, but if the subject is “there” it remains unchanged.
E.g: That is my pen, isn’t it?
there isn’t anything, is there?
- The question tag for let’s is shall.
E.g: Let’s play scrabble, shall we?
- Imperative sentences have the question tag “will you?”
E.g: Open the door, will you?
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