Present Tenses with definition and its Uses
Present tenses indicate actions happening in the current time or the future. present tenses have four types which we are going to discuss below.
- Simple Present tense OR (Present Indefinite tense)
- Present Continuous tense OR (Present Progressive Tense)
- Present Perfect tense
- Present Perfect Continuous tense
Simple Present tense (Present Indefinite tense)
The simple present tense or (Present Indefinite Tense) is used to describe habitual actions and general Facts. it sometimes shows future events.
She smiles often. (Habitual Actions)
The sun rises from east. (General Facts)
The airplane takes off at 10 O’clock tomorrow. (Future Events)
Note: While forming simple present tense, s/es/ies is added at the end of a verb if the subject is third person singular. (He/She/It).
Positive Structure: Subject+ Base form of the verb (s/es/ies)+ Object.
Negative Structure: Subject+ do/does+ not+ base form of the verb+ Object.
Interrogative structure: Do/Does+ Subject+ base form of the verb+ Object.
She works in a coffee shop. (Positive)
She does not work in a coffee shop. (Negative)
Does she work in a coffee shop? (Interrogative)
Present Continuous Tense (Present Progressive)
This tense indicates an action which is going on at the time of speaking or around the time of speaking Or an action happening in a near future (be going to)
we are learning present tenses.
I am studying computer science.
I am going to buy a story book.
Positive Structure: Subject+ be+ Present participle + Object/complement.
Negative Structure: Subject + Be+ not + present participle + Object/ complement.
Interrogative Structure: Be+ Subject+ Present participle + Object/ Complement.
He is teaching us about tenses.
He is not teaching us about tenses.
Is he teaching us about tenses?
Note: Be going to is also Known as Future going to as it refers to near future.
Most of times learners are confused whether future going to/be going to is also a tense but it isn’t.
We total have 12 tenses be going to is a structure that refers to future events.
Present Perfect Tense
It shows results of a past action or activities completed in the immediate past ( just/already).
I have written a letter.
I have just done the laundry.
Positive Structure:Subject+ Has/Have + past Participle + Object/complement.
Negative Structure:Subject + Has/Have + not + past participle +object/complement.
Interrogative structure: Has/Have + subject+ Past Participle + Object/complement.
I have done my homework.
I have not done my homework.
Have I done my homework?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Present Perfect continuous tense denotes an action which started in the past and still continuous in present or an action that has just finished.
She has been working for six hours.
I have been doing my homework.
Positive Structure: Subject + Has/Have + Been+ Present Participle + Object/Complement.
Negative Structure: Subject + Has/Have+ not+ been+ present participle+ object/complement.
Interrogative Structure: Has/Have + Subject+ Been+ present Participle+ Object/complement
We have been learning English.
We have not been learning English.
Have we been learning English?