vowel and consonant definition with examples

Easy vowel and consonant definition for kids and elementary school. Easy and simple to learn.

vowel and consonant definition with examples

vowel and consonant definition

Vowel and consonant

English is divided into two sounds

1) Vowel
2) Consonant

Vowel letters:

Vowel letters are A, E, I, O, U.



In “Apple” A and E are vowel letters.

How many letters are there in Vowel?

There are 5 letters in vowels and are:
A, E, I, O, U and sometimes Y

Consonant letters:

Except for A, E, I, O, U all the others remains are consonant letters.


In “Bag” B and G are consonant letters.

How many consonant letters are there?

There are 21 consonant letters B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, W, Y, Z.

Vowel sound:


Are those when they are used the tongue should not touch the top or bottom of the mouth(inside).
The words which are said without the breath breaks or isn’t blocked by teeth, tongue, lips.


It means that the words when they are said the mouth doesn’t move too much and the word is said by the vocal.

Consonant sound:


Are those letters when they are pronounced they are not said by the vocal.


It means that when the words are said/pronounced the lips or tongue starts moving.

What is Semi- vowel


After the A, E, I, O, U we have Y and W and they are Semi-vowel. Semi means half. So, basically, Semi-vowel means words which are a half vowel.


In “Cry” Y is semi-vowel.



The combination of two vowels in a syllabus is called Diphthong.


Meat, Weird, Out etc
IN “Meat” E and A are Diphthong while in “Weird” E and I and in “Out” O and U are Diphthong.


As Above E and A in “Meat” are Diphthong. But if two vowels are in a word like “Wire” we have I and E but they are not Diphthong. They are not diphthong because the vowels are not connected or both of the vowel letters are pronounced in two syllables.
Diphthongs in initial, middle and final position in a words
They can be present in the initial, middle and final potion.


“Oil” is a good example of diphthongs used in Initial position.
“Bear” E and A are diphthongs used in middle position
“Lie” I and E are diphthongs used in final position.

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1 Response

  1. December 16, 2018

    […] Vowel and Consonant Letters […]

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